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Hva er to faktor autentisering?

Sikre dine kontoer i dag!

Vi bruker passord daglig. Faktisk, bruker vi sikkert passord flere ganger om dagen, enten vi vil logge inn på våre sosiale media kontoer eller sjekke våre kontoutskrifter. 

Siden vi bruker passord for å få tilgang til nesten alt i livene våre, må vi også huske på alle de forskjellige passordene som vi har i hodet. Vi kan ikke bare bruke et passord for alle våre kontoer; det er for risikabelt og vil sette oss i en stor risikosituasjon. Selv med alle de ulike kompliserte passordene som vi setter opp for alle våre forskjellige kontoer, er risikoen for at hackere kaprer kontoene våre fortsatt stor. For å gjøre livene våre bedre, har vi en 2 faktor autentisering som legger til en annen metode for identitetsbekreftelse for å sikre dine kontoer. 

Historien om passord

I begynnelsen brukte vi et passord for alt. Passordene vi brukte var også veldig rett fram. De ville som regel lyde slik; emma89. 

Passord som er så enkle, kommer med en betydelig risiko. Det var også risikabelt å bruke et så enkelt passord for alle våre forskjellige kontoer, selv våre sensitive kontoer. Hackere kunne hacke bankkontoen vår uten så mye innsats,derfor forsto folk etterhvert at kompliserte passord var nokså nødvendig; passord slik som hkgorunap1294!0+4, som et eksempel. 

Det ble etterhvert bestemt at det ikke bare var nødvendig å gjøre passordene kompliserte, men også bruke forskjellige passord for forskjellige kontoer, som gjorde det enda vanskeligere for en hacker å få tak i sensitiv informasjon. 

Vi begynte også å bruke passordbehandlere. En passordbehandler er et verktøy som gjør at du kan lagre forskjellige passord inne i verktøyet, for å så kun huske et passord; passordet for passordbehandleren.

Til tross for alle disse sikkerhetstiltakene for å forsikre at vi forhindrer hackere fra å få tilgang til sensitiv informasjon, var det fortsatt ikke nok. Alt en hacker trengte å gjøre var å sende en phising email, og de kunne få tilgang til kontoen din, hvis du åpnet vedlegget i e-posten eller klikket på linken som ble angitt i mailen. 

En hacker kunne også kompromittere en database og få tilgang til passordene dine. Vi var ikke veldig trygge, for å si det sånn. 

2FA

To-faktor autentisering kom inni bildet for å beskytte dine passord som virket umulige å beskytte. To-faktor autentisering, også kjent som 2fa, legger til en annen metode for identitetsbekreftelse for å sikre dine kontoer.

Hvordan fungerer 2FA?

En 2 faktor autentisering vil først spørre deg om å skrive passordet ditt. Deretter vil det be deg om noe unikt, for eksempel telefonen din eller fingeravtrykk, for å bekrefte identiteten din. Når du kombinerer ditt passord med et av de to unike verifiseringsmetodene, vil ikke angriperne kunne hacke kontoen din. 

Hver gang du logger inn på kontoen din, må du skrive passordet ditt. Deretter bruker du enten fingeravtrykk eller telefonen din for å verifisere at det faktisk er deg. Dette kan gjøres via smartenheten din, noe som gjør det umulig for en hacker å hacke kontoen din, selv om de har passordet ditt. Dette er en mye sikrere metode, fordi de ikke har tilgang til verken telefonen din eller fingeravtrykket ditt. 

2FA bruker en unik engangskode for hver gang du prøver å logge inn på kontoen din. Koden er koblet til din konto og genereres av et token, en smartetelefon, eller blir sendt til deg på melding. De mer moderne 2fa metodene bruker en mobilapp for å sende deg en bekreftelse via varsel til din smartenhet, som du må godkjenne hver gang du prøver å logge inn på kontoen din. 

To-faktor autentisering er en av de mest effektive måtene å forhindre hackere fra å angripe dine kontoer.

Hvordan slå av 2 faktor autentisering?

Det vil komme anledninger der du vil slå av din to-faktor autentisering. La oss, for eksempel, si at du vil kjøpe en ny telefon. Du gir bort din gamle telefon, eller den blir ødelagt, og du får ikke tilgang til den lenger. Konsekvensen blir at du ikke får tilgang til kontoene dine. 

Dette er fordi hver gang du prøver å logge inn på dine kontoer, vil 2FA sende deg en kode til telefonen din som du ikke har tilgang til lenger. Derfor er det viktig å huske å slå av 2 faktor autentisering når du endrer dine smarte enheter.